Alternate Renewable Energy (ARE)
ODP promotes the use of alternate renewable energy
to conserve depleting resources through –
-Awareness on environment issues
– Use and management of renewable energy systems
-Construction of biogas plants and chulas
-Promotion of solar lanterns
-Conversion of locally available organic waste into productive energy
ODP has been implementing alternate energy programs through construction of bio-gas plants and smokeless
chulhas (ovens), and distribution of solar lanterns, solar home light systems and solar street lights, as a boost
to ecology and an improvement in livelihood.
The AIM of ODP’s ARE project is –To reduce pressure on ecology, to increase soil fertility and food productivity
and to prevent degradation and destruction of natural resources through promotion of Alternate Renewable
Energy (ARE) resources like cooking medium and
organic manure, etc.
D Bio-gas plants save ecology through conservation
of forests as they replace wood fuel and reduce
the family’s expenditure.
D Smokeless chulhas are both cost effective and
health saviours, especially of women who spend
hours at cooking day after day. They keep the
houses and environments clean.
D Solar light systems are of immense help as they
are very functional for study rooms, marriage/
funeral processions, running business of petty shops, etc. They are of great use and safety to the farmers
working in their fields at night.
In 2011, 87 families have constructed biogas plants in our working area. This is a one time investment and
50% is subsidized by the Government. Thenceforward all is savings for the family, i.e. a saving of about `400/
each month, in terms of wood fuel. It is a huge savings of `4,17,600/ a year by these 87 families. Besides this,
all biomass waste is fed into the plant and the bio-gas waste slurry is excellent organic manure for cultivation,
which farmers use in their fields.
These chulhas reduce the dangerous health conditions caused by traditional indoor cooking with wood fuel.
The Chulha creates a safer environment for indoor cooking by trapping smoke and heat inside a locally cast
system with a high rate of efficiency. It then directs the
smoke through a chimney pipe that includes a stack of
slotted clay tablets.
In 2011, 1050 families have constructed these fuel
efficient smokeless chulhas and have reduced their
expenditure on wood by about `250/ month. This
amounts to an astounding savings of `31,50,000/
annually by these 1050 families. The chulahs also
contribute towards protection of green cover.
Solar Lanterns (SL)
These are portable light sources. The solar lanterns give omni-directional light that is cheap and gives higher
performance than other types of lanterns. The panel produces 1⁄2 unit of solar energy and burns a 7 watt
luminary for 5 hours.
In 2011, 850 families have availed these lanterns and each family is saving up to ` 100/ a month. This is a
staggering savings of ` 10,20,000/- a year by these 850 families. These lights are very handy in windy and
outdoor conditions and provide safety to the farmers working in fields at night.
Solar Home Lighting Systems (SHLS)
The home light systems are used for interior
illumination in homes during the night or in case
of power failure. The SHLS is a pre- controlled unit
designed for rural home electrification. Just adds
batteries and modules for a complete solar home
system that replaces kerosene and candles with safe,
dependable solar energy.
The Panel produces 3⁄4
units of solar energy and burns three 9 watt luminaries for 4 hours.
In 2011, 250 families have installed SHLS in their homes and half of the cost is
subsidized. Each family is saving up to `110/ a month. It is an amazing savings of
` 3,30,000/ a year by these 250 families.
Solar Street Lights (SSL)
The street lights are raised light sources which are powered by photovoltaic panels
generally mounted on the lighting structure. The photovoltaic panels charge a
rechargeable battery, which powers a fluorescent or LED lamp during the night.
Most solar panels turn on and turn off automatically by sensing outdoor light using
a light source. The panel produces one unit of solar energy and burns 11 watt
luminary for 10 hours. 50% of the unit costs are borne by ODP.
In 2011, 12 villages have installed these lights and each village is saving up to `200/ a month. The total
savings of these 12 villages are ` 28,800/ a year.
Many of our working areas are drought prone zones and receive very less rainfall. People depend on agriculture
for their livelihood. The natural resources like soil and water are destroyed due to excessive use of the same.
Women mostly depend on firewood for cooking and this firewood is collected from the forest, resulting in the
reduction of green cover.
Under the project a few remote and needy villages have been identified and developed into model villages.
They are Kokkubare Mariamangala and Martalli in Ramapura Zone; Berambadi colony in Chamarajanagar
Zone; Lalanadevanahalli in Mysore Zone; Anchetitti, Nelludakeri, Maldare, Gudluru and Chikkatturu in
ODP provided inputs to members of groups in these areas on- importance of health and hygiene and on
relevant environment issues so as to enable them to manage natural energy resources, like reduction of wood
fuel to save forest coverage, use of solar devices, use of biomass and reduction of chemicals for farming,.
The people responded positively to these concepts and welcomed the idea of ‘save the environment
through Alternate Renewable Energy’. They have installed solar lanterns, home light systems, 2+1 chulhas
and Bio-gas plants in their homes and villages.
• A lot of awareness is created among people who are rapidly moving towards the use of solar energy
saving devices rather than the conventional and traditional methods.
• The provision of solar lanterns is a boon as they are very functional for study rooms, marriage/funeral
processions, running petty business and for carrying around in the dark by farmers when they visit
their fields at night.
• Time and energy is saved, general health conditions in the families have increased, smokeless houses
have emerged and clean and hot water is available for drinking throughout the day after the installation
• Press and Electronic Media played their role in bringing awareness to the people