Community Based NRM for Drought Proofing & Livelihood Security

Community Based NRM for Drought Proofing & Livelihood Security

People’s Groups and facilities / Schemes Mobilized:

• Regular meetings of men / women groups and CC were held and 224 inputs given on Strengthening of groups, Change of representatives, Toilet construction, Membership in federations, Loan repayments, ARE, Shramadhan, Sub committees, Sustainable agriculture, Organic farming and Assets management.

• SHG members at Prakashpalaya participated in the Gramasabas organized by the GP and had discussions with the Panchayat Raj Development Officers (PDOs) on construction of roads, drainages, housing schemes, new Anganawadi and problems of the village. As a result – all these activities were included in the GP action plans and one Anganawadi opened at Lazardoddi village.

• CC members of Mariyapura village met the Chief Executive Officer and superintendent of the ZP and discussed on release of grant amount for construction of toilets. As a result the GP secretary released the amount in the month of December 2011.

• Annamada, Dharshi, Abharam and Paul SHG members submitted an application to the GP for not issuing license to one Charles who was planning to start a small scale business using synthetic colours. SHG members and other village people at Sandanapalya also contacted Village accountant, Tahasildhar, and the Police Sub-inspector regarding this and succeeded in stopping the unit from functioning.

• Kalparuksha SHG members and villagers of Anagallidoddi had several discussions with the Manager of KSRTC on getting buses in time to their village and finally two buses are running as per their requirement.

• Officials from the Zilla Panchayat and Taluk Panchayat visited the toilets constructed at Sandanapalya by ODP and appreciated the work done. They took video coverage of these toilets and interviewed 6 SHG members.

• Zilla Panchayat had selected Mariyapura for NGP (Nirmala Grameena Puraskara) and in this regard video coverage, interviews of SHG members were done by TV-9 channel. A total sanitation campaign team from Delhi also visited Mariyapura and interacted with members regarding the toilet program. At the time of interviews, SHG members shared and appreciated about ODP’s support in their area

• The overhead tank constructed at Mariyapura was handed over to the Panchayath for further maintenance. All the families of Mariyapura village are paying water tax of ` 40/- to the Gramapanchyath regularly.

• 182 SHG members applied to GP to avail various schemes such as ration cards, housing, Ganga Kalyana Yojane, job cards, etc. and as a result –
# 301 members received labour works for desiltation of tank, jungle clearance,construction of new roads, drainages and earth works
# 98 farmers received assistance such as Tarpaulins, sowing seeds (ragi, jowar, vegetables), organic manure, agricultural implements under subsidized rates from Raitha Samparka Kendra (RSK) Water conservation: In the month of April our working areas received good rain fall and rain water was collected in open wells, bore-wells, farm ponds, check dams, village ponds and many other water holding structures resulting in the increase of ground water level in the project areas, particularly in Prakashpalaya and Mariapura. As a result water is available at a depth of about 20-25 feet in open wells near water storage. Bore wells have also been re-charged and are yielding well for an additional 3 – 4 months per year. Water availability is increased for agriculture, household needs and cattle.At Prakashpalya, water stored in 3 check dams and 4 farm ponds is being used by farmers for watering and sustaining the horticulture plants in the model plots.

There are 76 open wells in Prakashapalya area and today in all these wells the water level is about 10-20 feet.For drinking water purpose 4 new bore wells were drilled and water was available at a depth of 115-116 feet.Rajakannu, a progressive farmer, had 45 feet water in his open well and used it to cultivate maize and bananas in 4.5 acres of his land. Rocks become rhombus:

• In Prakashpalya and Mariapura, 5 farmers had converted 5 acres of dry land each into irrigated land.Totally 114 acres of dry land is brought under irrigation in the areas.

• 10 farmers drilled bore wells and converted 32 acres of dry land to irrigated land. All these farmers got

4 inch of water at 100 ft. depth. The main crops grown are maize, banana, turmeric
Besides in Prakashpalya alone 12 farmers dug bore wells and struck water at a depth of 60 to 100 ft. And now 62 acres of dry land are brought under cultivation.

Organic farming & Kitchen Gardens:

In all five areas farmers are encouraged to maintain kitchen gardens and are trained in organic farming. Drip irrigation kits and local variety of vegetable seeds were made available to the model plot farmers. 168 members are growing vegetables in their kitchen gardens and using them for their own purpose and selling the excess vegetables and getting a small income. The consumption of vegetables /greens had increased in the families due to easy availability. 185 farmers harvested 1547 KGs of vermi-compost manure and applied it to turmeric, maize, ragi and chilli crops. The farmers have also observed the difference in their crops, i.e. the plants look greener, are more resistant to common diseases and survive without water for a longer period. Farmers are becoming interested in organic composting but the challenge is that worms are not surviving when it is very hot. Plantation: 324 farmers mobilized 14,515 saplings of Teak, Silver oak, Neem, Gliricidia, Pongamia, Cassiasemia and other jungle variety of saplings from forest department and planted them in their lands. The survival rate is 60% in irrigated fields. 48 farmers received 174 horticulture saplings of mango and sapota and
planted them also.

Impacts

• Awareness on organic farming has increased among farmers. As a result there is a decrease in selling farm yard manure to others.
• Under demonstration activity, John Joseph of Otterthotti village cultivated 11 types of raagi, as part of promotion of indigenous form of cultivation.
•The trees planted at the beginning of the project have started giving yield and the Kitchen gardens are producing vegetables. These are being used by families and there is improvement in their health status.Ws-1