The watershed projects aim at technically & scientifically developing and monitoring the implementation of various watershed components …to conserve soil, water, vegetation and biomass in order to improve the economic status of farmers.
This is a NABARD supported watershed project in 5 Panchayats of Somwarpet Taluk, located in Kodagu district, situated in the south west part of Karnataka state.
The area is known for heavy and erratic rains and problems of pest and disease in plantation crops. 80 % of the land belongs to big farmers and 20% to marginal & small farmers. Around 32% are landless families. People are cultivating their land only in rainy season and when there is sufficient rainfall; paddy crop is cultivated in terraced lands while ginger is cultivated in low lying lands. Heavy external inputs have resulted in over exploitation of water and soil fertility. Due to heavy and irregular rains, pest & disease problems are more in major commercial crops like coffee & pepper, and productivity is very poor with frequent crop loss. The ground water table is fast depleting. The problem is so grim that during summer the people of Kodagu face acute problem for drinking water.
Meetings for Village Watershed Committees (VWC), GPs and Ward Sabhas were organized and discussions held on NABARD monitoring visits, sanctioning of budgets for future works, capacity building programs, land development works, IGP repayments, plantation and other components of the watershed.